Population: 84,765,000
Capital: Manila; 10,677,000
Area: 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 square miles)
Language: Filipino (based on Tagalog), English, and 8 major dialects
Religion: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Buddhist
Currency: Philippine peso
Life Expectancy: 70
GDP per Capita: U.S. $4,600
Literacy Percent: 96

The Philippines, in south eastern Asia, consists of 7,107 islands lying between the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The islands of Luzon and Mindanao account for two-thirds of the land area. Even though the Philippines lies just north of the world's largest Muslim state, Indonesia, it is about 94 percent Christian—mostly Roman Catholic. About five percent of Filipinos are Muslim, mostly living on the islands of Mindanao and Palawan—islands closest to the Muslim countries of Malaysia and Indonesia.

Source: National Geographic Society